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      RS 24:513     

  

NOTE: This provision of law was included in the Unconstitutional Statutes Biennial Report to the Legislature, dated March 14, 2016.

§513. Powers and duties of legislative auditor; audit reports as public records; assistance and opinions of attorney general; frequency of audits; subpoena power

            A.(1)(a) Subject to Paragraph (3) of this Subsection, the legislative auditor shall have authority to compile financial statements and to examine, audit, or review the books and accounts of the state treasurer, all public boards, commissions, agencies, departments, political subdivisions of the state, public officials and employees, public retirement systems enumerated in R.S. 11:173(A), municipalities, and all other public or quasi public agencies or bodies, hereinafter collectively referred to as the "auditee". The scope of the examinations may include financial accountability, legal compliance and evaluations of the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of the auditee's programs or any combination of the foregoing. In addition to the authority granted above, the legislative auditor shall have access to and be permitted to examine all papers, books, accounts, records, files, instruments, documents, films, tapes, and any other forms of recordation of all auditees, including but not limited to computers and recording devices, and all software and hardware which hold data, is part of the technical processes leading up to the retention of data, or is part of the security system. This access shall not be prohibited by Paragraph (3) of this Subsection.

            (b) For the sole purpose of this Subsection, a quasi public agency or body is defined as:

            (i) An organization, either not-for-profit or for profit, created by the state of Louisiana or any political subdivision or agency thereof, any special district or authority, or unit of local government to perform a public purpose.

            (ii) An organization, either not-for-profit or for profit, that is a component unit of a governmental reporting entity, as defined under generally accepted accounting principles.

            (iii) An organization, either not-for-profit or for profit, created to perform a public purpose and having one or more of the following characteristics:

            (aa) The governing body is elected by the general public.

            (bb) A majority of the governing body is appointed by or authorized to be appointed by a governmental entity or individual governmental official as a part of his official duties.

            (cc) The entity is the recipient of the proceeds of an ad valorem tax or general sales tax levied specifically for its operations.

            (dd) The entity is able to directly issue debt, the interest on which is exempt from federal taxation.

            (ee) The entity can be dissolved unilaterally by a governmental entity and its net assets assumed without compensation by that governmental entity.

            (iv) Any not-for-profit organization that receives or expends any local or state assistance in any fiscal year. Assistance shall include grants, loans, transfers of property, awards, and direct appropriations of state or local public funds. Assistance shall not include guarantees, membership dues, vendor contracts for goods and services related to administrative support for a local or state assistance program, assistance to private or parochial schools except as provided in R.S. 17:4022, assistance to private colleges and universities, or benefits to individuals.

            (v) Any organization, either not-for-profit or for profit, which is subject to the open meetings law and derives a portion of its income from payments received from any public agency or body.

            (2) The financial statements of individual state agencies, departments, boards, and commissions that are included within the state's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report shall be audited by the legislative auditor, but may be audited by a licensed certified public accountant pursuant to the provisions of Subsection A of this Section.

            (3) The financial statements of the offices of the independently elected public local officials, including judges, sheriffs, clerks of court, assessors, and district attorneys, all parish governing authorities, all political subdivisions created by parish governing authorities or by law, and all districts, boards, and commissions created by parish governing authorities either independently or in conjunction with other units of government, school boards, district public defender offices, municipalities, all political subdivisions created by municipal governing authorities, and all boards and commissions created by municipalities, either independently or in conjunction with other units of government, city courts, quasi-public agencies, housing authorities, mortgage authorities, or other political subdivisions of the state not included within the state's Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports, hereinafter collectively referred to as "local auditee", shall be audited or reviewed by licensed certified public accountants subject to Paragraphs (5) and (6) of this Subsection, but may be audited by the legislative auditor pursuant to Paragraph (4) of this Subsection. The total compensation, reimbursements, and benefits of an agency head or political subdivision head or chief executive officer related to the position, including but not limited to travel, housing, unvouchered expenses, per diem, and registration fees shall be reported as a supplemental report within the financial statement of the local auditee; however, nongovernmental entities or not-for-profit entities that receive public funds shall report only the use of public funds for the expenditures itemized in the supplemental report. Any person authorized to conduct an audit of a governmental entity pursuant to R.S. 37:77, shall be permitted to continue auditing that governmental entity subject to the approval of the legislative auditor provided for in Paragraphs (5) and (6) of this Subsection.

            (4)(a) Notwithstanding Paragraph (3) of this Subsection and Subsection B of this Section, the legislative auditor may audit or investigate a local auditee only in those instances when:

            (i) The local auditee has failed after thirty days written notice from the legislative auditor to comply with the provisions of this Section relating to timely audits.

            (ii) The Legislative Audit Advisory Council and the legislative auditor have determined that the local auditee is unable to pay for an audit by a licensed certified public accountant.

            (iii) The local auditee exhibits a record of egregious control deficiencies and failures to comply with laws and regulations.

            (iv) The legislative auditor has received complaints of illegal or irregular acts with respect to the local auditee.

            (v) The local auditee, after requesting proposals for audit services, receives less than three proposals from licensed certified public accountants or the local auditee receives three or more proposals and the local auditee rejects all proposals for cause, including but not limited to excessive cost.

            (vi) In the opinion of the legislative auditor and the Legislative Audit Advisory Council the best interest of the state of Louisiana would be served by his audit of the local auditee.

            (b) Any local auditee selected for audit under the provisions of Item (a)(iii) of this Paragraph shall have the right of appeal to the Legislative Audit Advisory Council. Furthermore, the legislative auditor shall ensure that under the provisions of Item (a)(iii) of this Paragraph audit services are not duplicated.

            (5)(a)(i) In lieu of examinations of the records and accounts of any office subject to audit or review by the legislative auditor, the legislative auditor may, at his discretion, accept an audit or review report prepared by a licensed certified public accountant, provided that such audit or review is performed in accordance with generally accepted governmental auditing standards and the Louisiana Governmental Audit Guide, which is to be jointly published by the legislative auditor and the Society of Louisiana Certified Public Accountant's Governmental Accounting and Auditing Committee, and further provided that the legislative auditor has approved the engagement letter in accordance with this Section. The Louisiana Governmental Audit Guide is a standard for audits and reviews of auditees within Louisiana and shall be produced by the society and the legislative auditor, with input from the Louisiana Municipal Association, the Louisiana Police Jury Association, the Louisiana School Board Association, and any other interested parties. Such audits shall be completed within six months of the close of the entity's fiscal year. Reviews shall be conducted in accordance with the authoritative pronouncements issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and guidance provided in the Louisiana Governmental Audit Guide. For the limited purpose of providing the audits and reviews as provided in this Subsection, the certified public accountant shall have the access and assistance privileges afforded the legislative auditor in R.S. 24:513(E) and (I). However, the certified public accountant shall comply with any and all restrictions imposed by law on documents, data, or information deemed confidential by law and furnished to the certified public accountant during the course of the audit or review.

            (ii) At any time after a disaster or emergency is declared under the provisions of R.S. 29:724(B)(1) which prevents an entity from completing its report within the period prescribed in Item (i) of this Subparagraph, the entity may ask the legislative auditor in writing for an extension of time to complete the report. The legislative auditor may approve the request at his discretion, subject to the approval of the Legislative Audit Advisory Council.

            (b) It is the intent of the legislature that small audit firms and audit firms owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals shall have the maximum practicable opportunity to participate in contracts awarded to fulfill the requirements of this Section.

            (6) The legislative auditor shall have the authority to prescribe the terms and conditions of any such audit or review conducted by a licensed certified public accountant and shall be authorized to approve said terms and conditions prior to its commencement and to require the office subject to audit to present said terms and conditions to him for approval. It is the joint responsibility of the office subject to audit or review and the certified public accountant to submit the engagement agreement to the legislative auditor for approval prior to the commencement of the audit. The legislative auditor shall also have access to the working papers of the accountant during the examination and subsequent to its termination.

            (7) In order to fulfill the requirements imposed upon any public or quasi-public agency or body or political subdivision of the state by the provisions of this Subsection, any such body shall have the authority to contract for such professional services, without public bid, as are reasonably necessary.

            B.(1) The accounts and records of each sheriff, in his function as ex officio tax collector, shall be audited in accordance with the provisions of this Section not less than once every year. Upon request, the tax collector shall provide the legislative auditor with a sworn statement of the amounts of cash on hand and taxes collected for the current year, with an itemized statement of all taxes assessed and uncollected. The statement shall indicate the reason for his failure to collect. Parish governing authorities and the governing authorities of other tax recipient bodies shall notify the legislative auditor, in writing, whenever any sheriff is delinquent in his settlements. All clerks of court and other public officers shall furnish certified copies of any documents or papers in their possession to the legislative auditor whenever he shall request the same, and these certified copies shall be furnished without charge.

            (2) Any other local auditee or vendor that collects and distributes ad valorem taxes on behalf of a taxing authority shall have its tax collection and distribution fund audited annually and distribute a copy of the audit report to the legislative auditor and each taxing authority for which it collects taxes. The audit report shall include a sworn statement of the gross amount of taxes to be collected, any deductions made from the tax rolls, the amount of taxes collected, and the taxes distributed to the taxing authorities. The statement shall detail any taxes on hand at the end of the reporting period, the amounts of such balance belonging to the taxing authorities, the amounts of collections related to current tax collections, the amounts relating to prior year taxes, the amounts of any interest and penalties collected and disbursed, the extent to which the prior year tax collections relate to collection and audit efforts, and the reason, if any, for failure to collect. The statement shall include other disclosures as may be determined necessary by the legislative auditor. For fiscal periods beginning after December 31, 2010, the audit report required by this Paragraph shall be completed within six months of the close of the local auditee's or vendor's fiscal year.

            (3) Any other local auditee or vendor that collects and distributes taxes other than ad valorem taxes on behalf of other taxing authorities shall have its annual financial statement audited and shall distribute a copy of the audit report to the legislative auditor and each taxing authority for which it collects taxes. The audit report shall have a footnote disclosure including total collections and a schedule of distribution by taxing authority. The statement shall include other disclosures as may be determined necessary by the legislative auditor. For fiscal periods beginning after December 31, 2010, the audit report required by this Paragraph shall be completed within six months of the close of the local auditee's or vendor's fiscal year.

            C.(1) The legislative auditor shall have authority to evaluate on a continuing basis all aspects of any state, municipal, or parochial retirement system, funded in whole or in part out of public funds, as to its actuarial soundness. The legislative auditor shall make periodic detailed reports, both to the legislature and the governor, specifically setting forth his findings as to the actuarial soundness of such retirement systems. At least every five years, the reports produced by the legislative auditor shall include comparative summaries of each system's reported actuarial assumptions and funded ratio and the findings of the legislative auditor as to the appropriateness of each system's assumptions. In conducting such evaluations or any audit pursuant to R.S. 11:2260(A)(9)(b), the legislative auditor shall have complete access to all books, records, documents, and accounts of said retirement system and any participating employer thereof.

            (2) This provision shall in no way be deemed to preclude the authority of any retirement system funded in whole or in part out of public funds to hire an actuary. However, any actuary employed by the legislature or legislative auditor shall be prohibited from serving as, or employing or contracting with any other actuary who is serving as, an actuary for any public retirement system within the state of Louisiana, with respect to such public retirement system, unless such service, employment, or contract is approved by the Legislative Audit Advisory Council as being in the best interest of the state of Louisiana.

            D. In addition, the legislative auditor shall perform the following duties and functions:

            (1) He shall, not later than the first day of each regular session of the legislature, prepare and submit to the governor and to the legislature his report on the financial statements of the state of Louisiana, together with such comments on internal control structure and compliance with laws and regulations that are appropriate. Supplemental statements shall be submitted at such other times as may be necessary to show probable changes.

            (2)(a) He shall provide actuarial notes on proposed legislation as required by R.S. 24:521, and to provide for such function and related functions, he shall employ such personnel as necessary, including a legislative actuary.

            (b) He shall fix the salary and establish the duties and functions of the legislative actuary and other such personnel.

            (3) He shall employ such personnel as may be necessary to perform the duties and functions imposed herein, and may employ such professional and technical personnel as may be necessary in the unclassified service, subject to the other provisions of this Section.

            (4) He shall conduct performance audits, program evaluations, and other studies as are needed to enable the legislature and its committees to evaluate the efficiency, effectiveness, and operation of state programs and activities.

            (5) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law to the contrary, including R.S. 6:103(F), when the commissioner of financial institutions, or an authorized employee thereof, has informed the legislative auditor pursuant to R.S. 6:103(B)(6) of a failure by a financial institution to furnish adequate security for public funds deposited with it when such security is required by law, regulation, or by contract, the legislative auditor is authorized to notify a "state depositing authority," as defined in R.S. 49:319, or a "local depositing authority," as defined in R.S. 39:1211, of such failure. A copy of the notice shall be forwarded by the legislative auditor to the financial institution which is the subject of such notice.

            (6) He shall establish and provide for an electronic mail notification system to notify subscribers of changes to the list of auditees not in compliance with R.S. 24:513 et seq.

            E. In the performance of his duties as herein stated, the legislative auditor, or any member of his staff designated by him, shall have the power to inspect and to make copies of any books, records, instruments, documents, files, films, tapes, and other forms of recordation, including but not limited to computer and recording devices, of the auditee. He may call upon the auditee and any of its officials and staff for assistance and advice, and such assistance shall be given through the assignment of personnel or in such other manner as necessity requires.

            F.(1) The legislative auditor shall have authority to compile financial statements and to examine, audit, or review the books and accounts of all private water supply systems. The scope of the examinations may include financial accountability, legal compliance and evaluations of the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of the private water supply systems or any combination of the foregoing. In addition to the authority granted above, the legislative auditor shall have access to and be permitted to examine all papers, books, accounts, records, files, instruments, documents, films, tapes, and any other forms of recordation of all private water supply systems, including but not limited to computers and recording devices, and all software and hardware which hold data, are part of the technical processes leading up to the retention of data, or are part of the security system.

            (2) For the purpose of this Subsection, "private water supply system" means any private water system which receives local or state assistance in any fiscal year and does not have audited financial statements prepared by licensed certified public accountants. Assistance shall include grants, loans, transfers of property, awards, and direct appropriations of state or local public funds. Assistance shall not include guarantees, membership dues, vendor contracts for goods and services related to administrative support for a local or state assistance program, or benefits to individuals.

            (3) The financial statements of a private water supply system shall be audited or reviewed by licensed certified public accountants subject to Paragraphs (A)(5) and (6) of this Section, but may be audited by the legislative auditor pursuant to Paragraph (A)(4) of this Section. Any person authorized to conduct an audit of a governmental entity pursuant to R.S. 37:77 shall be permitted to audit the private water supply system subject to the approval of the legislative auditor provided for in Paragraphs (A)(5) and (6) of this Section.

            (4) State or local assistance and other funds and expenditures of private water supply systems shall be audited.

            G.(1) The audit reports issued by the legislative auditor or accepted by the legislative auditor pursuant to this Section or R.S. 46:1064(B), shall be subject to the laws providing for inspection of public records and shall be available in the office of the legislative auditor three days after the date of issuance of the reports as provided by R.S. 44:6. However, this Subsection shall not apply to any documents, data, or information furnished the legislative auditor which are deemed confidential by law.

            (2)(a) An application to a court of competent jurisdiction for a temporary restraining order, preliminary injunction, or permanent injunction barring the release of an audit report, as described in this Subsection, shall be assigned for hearing by the court not less than two nor more than ten days after service of the petition for a temporary restraining order, preliminary injunction, or permanent injunction. Any order granting or denying the relief prayed for shall be rendered by the court within forty-eight hours following the conclusion of the hearing.

            (b) If an aggrieved party seeks an appeal, the appeal shall be filed in the appropriate appellate court not later than the seventh day after the judgment is rendered and shall be tried on the original records and by preference over all other cases. The appellate court shall render its decision within ten days after submission.

            H.(1) All auditees and their officials and staff are hereby directed to assist the legislative auditor in his work and to furnish such information, reports, aid, services, and assistance as may be requested, all without any cost or charge. It shall be the duty of the attorney general and the local district attorney to give assistance to the legislative auditor. The attorney general shall render his opinion in writing on any subject requested by the legislative auditor.

            (2)(a) Each auditee shall designate an individual who shall be responsible for filing annual financial reports with the legislative auditor and shall notify the legislative auditor of the name and address of the person so designated.

            (b) A governmental entity that provides funding to a quasi public agency or body shall notify each such quasi public agency or body of the requirements of this Paragraph.

            I. The authority granted to the legislative auditor in this Section to examine, audit, inspect or copy shall extend to all books, accounts, papers, documents, records, files, instruments, films, tapes, and any other forms of recordation, including but not limited to computers and recording devices, whether confidential or otherwise. However, the legislative auditor shall comply with any and all restrictions imposed by law on documents, data, or information deemed confidential by law and furnished to the legislative auditor.

            J.(1) The audits enumerated in Subsection A of this Section shall be conducted frequently enough to control and safeguard the assets of the auditee as follows:

            (a)(i) The financial statements of the state of Louisiana shall be audited annually. The financial statements of individual state agencies, departments, boards, and commissions shall be audited at least once every two years, to include the transactions of both years. However, the financial statements of individual state agencies, departments, boards, and commissions that compose a material part of the state's financial statements, as determined by the legislative auditor, shall be subjected to audit tests annually.

            (ii) However, at the discretion of the legislative auditor, the audit provisions of Subparagraph (c) of this Paragraph as they pertain to audit frequency and level of assurance required, may apply to an individual state agency, department, board, or commission.

            (b) The accounts and financial statements of parish tax collectors shall be audited annually.

            (c) The financial statements of local auditees as defined in Paragraph (A)(3) of this Section shall be audited as follows:

            (i)(aa) Any local auditee that receives seventy-five thousand dollars or less in revenues and other sources in any one fiscal year shall not be required to have an audit but must file a certification with the legislative auditor indicating that it received seventy-five thousand dollars or less in funds for the fiscal year. Monies received from urban or rural development grants shall not be used in fiscal year computation of revenue amounts requiring an audit. The auditee shall annually file with the legislative auditor sworn financial statements as required by R.S. 24:514. However, the legislative auditor, at his discretion, may require such local auditee to have an audit of its books and accounts.

            (bb) However, any volunteer fire department that receives seventy-five thousand dollars or less in funds in any one fiscal year shall not be required to have an audit but shall file a certification with the legislative auditor signed by the president of the volunteer fire department indicating that the department received seventy-five thousand dollars or less for the fiscal year and shall annually file with the legislative auditor sworn financial statements as required by R.S. 24:514. The legislative auditor, at his discretion, may require any such volunteer fire department to have an audit of its books and accounts.

            (cc) However, a justice of the peace or constable of a justice of the peace court shall not be required to have an audit, but must file a certification with the legislative auditor indicating the amount of funds related to his official duties that he received for the fiscal year. Also he shall annually file with the legislative auditor sworn financial statements. The legislative auditor, at his discretion, may require a justice of the peace or constable to have an audit of his books. If a justice of the peace or constable of a justice of the peace court receives from his official duties in excess of two hundred thousand dollars in revenues and other sources in any one fiscal year, the requirements of Item (ii) of this Subparagraph shall be applicable to such justice of the peace or constable.

            (ii) Notwithstanding the provisions of R.S. 24:514, any local auditee that receives more than seventy-five thousand dollars in revenues and other sources in any one fiscal year, but less than two hundred thousand dollars, shall cause to be conducted an annual compilation of its financial statements, with or without footnotes, in accordance with the Louisiana Governmental Audit Guide. However, the legislative auditor, at his discretion, may require such local auditee to have an audit of its books and accounts.

            (iii) Any local auditee that receives two hundred thousand dollars or more in revenues and other sources in any one fiscal year, but less than five hundred thousand dollars, shall cause to be conducted an annual review of its financial statements to be accompanied by an attestation report in accordance with the Louisiana Governmental Audit Guide. However, the legislative auditor, at his discretion, may require said local auditee to have an audit of its books and accounts.

            (iv) Any local auditee that receives five hundred thousand dollars or more in revenues and other sources in any one fiscal year shall be audited annually.

            (v)(aa) To provide enhanced additional oversight by the legislative auditor, in any parish having a population of not less than two hundred twenty-five thousand and not more than two hundred fifty thousand according to the latest federal decennial census, the legislative auditor shall establish the criteria for procedures which shall be performed in addition to annual reporting requirements required by this Section for entities with revenues of more than seventy-five thousand dollars per fiscal year.

            (bb) Any costs incurred by the legislative auditor in establishing the criteria for the procedures noted under this Item shall be allocated to the individual entities provided for in this Item and paid by these entities to the legislative auditor upon receipt of services.

            (d) The provisions of Subparagraph (1)(c) of this Subsection shall apply to the state or local assistance received and/or expended by a quasi public agency or body when such funds are not commingled with other funds of the quasi public agency or body. However, if the state or local assistance received and/or expended by a quasi public agency or body is commingled with other funds of the quasi public agency or body then such state or local assistance and other funds of the quasi public agency or body shall be audited pursuant to Subparagraph (1)(c) of this Subsection.

            (2) The provisions of this Section shall be deemed minimum audit requirements and nothing within this Section shall prohibit a political subdivision from providing for more frequent audits, subject to the approval of the engagement agreement by the legislative auditor.

            (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subparagraph (1)(d) of this Subsection, any auditee described in Item (A)(1)(b)(v) of this Section shall be audited in accordance with Subitem (1)(c)(i)(aa) of this Subsection when it has received seventy-five thousand or less in public funds in any one fiscal year. Any such auditee shall be audited in accordance with Item (1)(c)(ii) of this Subsection when it has received more than seventy-five thousand dollars in public funds in any one fiscal year. Any such auditee shall be audited in accordance with Item (1)(c)(iii) of this Subsection when it has received three hundred fifty thousand or more in public funds in any one fiscal year. Any such auditee shall be audited in accordance with Item (1)(c)(iv) of this Subsection when it has received three million five hundred thousand dollars or more in public funds.

            (4)(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this Section to the contrary, any entity which establishes scholastic rules which are the basis for the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education's policy required by R.S. 17:176 to be adhered to by all high schools under the board's jurisdiction shall not be required to be audited by the legislative auditor but shall file an audit with the legislative auditor and the Legislative Audit Advisory Council which has been prepared by an auditing firm which has been approved by the legislative auditor. Such entity shall submit such audit to the legislative auditor and the Legislative Audit Advisory Council.

            (b) The Legislative Audit Advisory Council may order an audit by the legislative auditor upon a finding of cause by the council.

            K. Whoever violates the provisions of this Section shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and shall be deemed guilty of malfeasance and gross misconduct in office, and shall be subject to removal.

            L. Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection B of this Section or of any other provision of law to the contrary, a sheriff and ex-officio tax collector shall have the option of having the annual and biennial audits of his office as provided in Subparagraphs (J)(1)(b) and (c) of this Section conducted either by the legislative auditor or by a private certified public accountant pursuant to the provisions of this Section.

            M.(1) In the performance of his duties the legislative auditor, or any member of his staff designated by him, may compel the production of public and private books, documents, records, papers, films, tapes, and electronic data processing media. For such purpose the legislative auditor and the chairman of the Legislative Audit Advisory Council may jointly issue a subpoena for the production of documentary evidence to compel the production of any books, documents, records, papers, films, tapes, and electronic data processing media regarding any transaction involving a governmental entity. The subpoena may be served by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the addressee's business address, or by representatives appointed by the legislative auditor, or shall be directed for service to the sheriff of the parish where the addressee resides or is found.

            (2) If a person refuses to obey a subpoena issued under any Section of this Part, a judicial district court, upon joint application by the legislative auditor and the chairman of the Legislative Audit Advisory Council, may issue to the person an order requiring him to appear before the court to show cause why he should not be held in contempt for refusal to obey the subpoena. Failure to obey a subpoena may be punished as a contempt of court.

            N. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the legislative auditor may issue, receive or accept, and maintain audit reports electronically.

            O. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, the legislative auditor shall annually review, calculate, and certify, using the grand recapitulation of the assessment roll provided to the legislative auditor by the Louisiana Tax Commission, the amount due to each public retirement system as provided by law. The legislative auditor shall submit to each sheriff or other official responsible for tax collection a report setting forth the certified remittance due from each tax recipient body to each public retirement system.

            Acts 1991, No. 610, §1, eff. Dec. 31, 1991; Acts 1992, No. 585, §1; Acts 1993, No. 183, §1; Acts 1995, No. 467, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1996; Acts 1995, No. 686, §1, eff. June 21, 1995; Acts 1995, No. 877, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1996; Acts 2001, No. 646, §1; Acts 2001, No. 1102, §5; Acts 2003, No. 1170, §1; Acts 2004, No. 508, §1; Acts 2004, No. 548, §1; Acts 2004, No. 635, §1; Acts 2005, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 36, §1, eff. Dec. 6, 2005; Acts 2006, No. 629, §1; Acts 2007, No. 51, §2, eff. June 18, 2007; Acts 2007, No. 307, §4; Acts 2008, No. 838, §1, eff. July 1, 2008; Acts 2010, No. 711, §1; Acts 2010, No. 1045, §1; Acts 2011, No. 290, §1; Acts 2012, No. 218, §2; Acts 2012, No. 811, §7, eff. July 1, 2012; Acts 2014, No. 467, §2; Acts 2014, No. 706, §1; Acts 2014, No. 774, §1; Acts 2015, No. 375, §1; Acts 2015, No. 462, §1; Acts 2016, No. 460, §1; Acts 2016, No. 641, §1.




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