RS 37:1744     

§1744. Disclosure of financial interest by referring healthcare providers

            A. For the purposes of this Section, the following terms have the following meanings:

            (1) "Board" means Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners, Louisiana State Board of Dentistry, Louisiana Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Louisiana State Board of Optometry Examiners, Louisiana Physical Therapy Board, Louisiana State Board of Examiners of Psychologists, Louisiana State Board of Nursing, Louisiana Licensed Professional Counselors Board of Examiners, Louisiana State Board of Practical Nurse Examiners, Louisiana Licensed Professional Counselors Board of Examiners, or Louisiana Board of Pharmacy.

            (2)        "Financial interest" means a significant ownership or investment interest established through debt, equity, or other means and held by a healthcare provider or a member of a healthcare provider's immediate family, or any form of direct or indirect remuneration for referral.

            (3) "Healthcare provider" means a person, partnership, or corporation, licensed by this state to provide health care or professional services as a physician, dentist, chiropractor, podiatrist, optometrist, physical therapist, psychologist, medical psychologist, licensed professional counselor, registered or licensed practical nurse, pharmacist, and any officer, employee, or agent thereof acting in the course and scope of his employment.

            B. No healthcare provider shall make referrals outside the same group practice as that of the referring healthcare provider to any other healthcare provider, licensed healthcare facility, or provider of healthcare goods and services including but not limited to providers of clinical laboratory services, diagnostic services, medicinal suppliers, and therapeutic services when the referring healthcare provider has a financial interest served by such referral, unless in advance of any such referral the referring healthcare provider discloses to the patient, in writing, the existence of such financial interest.

            C.(1) It shall be a violation of this Section for any licensee to enter into any arrangement or scheme, including cross-referral arrangements, if the licensee knows, or should know, that he or she has a principal purpose of ensuring referrals by the licensee to a particular entity, which referral, if made directly by the licensee, would be a violation of this Section.

            (2) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, any healthcare provider who violates the provisions of this Section shall refund all such sums received in payment for the goods and services furnished or rendered without disclosure of financial interest. Such a refund shall be paid to the individual patient, third-party payor, or other entity who made the payment.

            (3) Each respective board shall promulgate rules and regulations for enforcement of the provisions of this Section. Such rules and regulations shall include sanctions and restitution provisions and shall provide that a violation of this Section constitutes grounds for suspension or revocation of license or other credentials. Each board shall submit to the commissioner of insurance an annual report listing the investigations undertaken pursuant to this Section, including the number of violations and the sanctions imposed, if any.

            Acts 1993, No. 657, §1; Acts 2003, No. 303, §1; Acts 2009, No. 251, §8, eff. Jan. 1, 2010; Acts 2018, No. 206, §3.