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      RS 22:46     

  

§46. General definitions

            In this Code, unless the context otherwise requires, the following definitions apply:

            (1) "Alien insurer" is one formed under the laws of any country other than the United States.

            (2) "Approved unauthorized insurer" means an insurer without a certificate of authority, or otherwise qualified under the provisions of this Code, that meets the eligibility criteria of R.S. 22:435(A)(2) and (B) and is on the list of approved unauthorized insurers under the provisions of R.S. 22:436, and from which a licensed surplus lines broker may procure insurance under the provisions of R.S. 22:432.

            (3) "Authorized insurer" means an insurer with a certificate of authority or license issued under provisions of this Code or otherwise qualified under R.S. 22:481 et seq.

            (4) "Commissioner of insurance" as that office is created and defined by this Code shall have full power and authority to act as insurance commissioner for the state of Louisiana and is hereby declared to be the proper officer to act for this state and to represent this state as a member of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. "Commissioner" shall mean the commissioner of insurance.

            (5) "Control", relative to ownership, shall mean ownership representing or the authority to represent over fifty percent of the total one hundred percent ownership.

            (5.1) "Department" shall mean the Department of Insurance.

            (6) "Directive" means a written communication or order issued by or on behalf of the commissioner of insurance to a person whose activities are regulated by this Title, which instructs the person to act in conformance with this Title, or any rule or regulation adopted in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act.

            (7) "Domestic insurer" is one formed under the laws of this state.

            (7.1) "Eligible unauthorized insurer" means an insurer without a certificate of authority, or otherwise qualified under the provisions of this Code, that meets the eligibility criteria of R.S. 22:435(A)(2) and (B) and from which a licensed surplus lines broker may procure insurance under the provisions of R.S. 22:432.

            (8) "Foreign insurer" is one formed under the laws of any other state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia.

            (8.1)(a) "Home state" means, with respect to an insured on a surplus lines insurance policy, one of the following:

            (i) The state in which an insured maintains its principal place of business or, in the case of an individual, the individual's principal residence.

            (ii) If one hundred percent of the insured risk is located out of the state referred to in Item (i) of this Subparagraph, the state to which the greatest percentage of the insured's taxable premium for that insurance contract is allocated.

            (iii) If more than one insured from an affiliated group are named insureds on a single surplus lines insurance contract, the state, as determined pursuant to Item (i) or (ii) of this Subparagraph, of the member of the affiliated group that has the largest percentage of premium attributed to it under the surplus lines insurance contract.

            (b) The home state as determined in Subparagraph (a) of this Paragraph is the state that has sole statutory and regulatory jurisdiction over the placement of surplus lines insurance pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 8202 and the exclusive authority to require the payment of any premium tax on surplus lines insurance pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 8201.

            (9)(a) "Insurance" is a contract whereby one undertakes to indemnify another or pay a specified amount upon determinable contingencies. It shall include any trust, plan or agreement, popularly known as employee benefit trusts, not specifically exempted from state regulation under Public Law 93-406, except collectively bargained union welfare plans, single employer plans or plans of the state or political subdivisions. The term "insurance" shall not include any arrangement or trust formed under Subpart J of Part I of Chapter 10 of Title 23 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950.

            (b)(i) The establishment prior to twelve noon on October 1, 2010, and operation thereafter of at least one or more professional or public liability trust funds by a statewide hospital association in this state for the purpose of providing a means by which any type of professional malpractice or public liability claims or judgments arising from such claims against hospitals which are members of the association and claims against members of societies of the association shall be paid or settled shall not be deemed to be insurance and such trust or trusts shall not be deemed to be licensed, admitted or authorized insurers but shall be subject to Subpart E of Part III of Chapter 2 of this Title, R.S. 22:651 et seq., Part IV of Chapter 7 of this Title, R.S. 22:1961 et seq., and Chapters 8 and 12 of this Title, R.S. 22:1981 et seq. and R.S. 22:2191 et seq. An annual audited statement for each such trust shall be filed with the commissioner of insurance by June thirtieth of each year for the immediately preceding year ending December thirty-first or within six months of the close of the fiscal year, only if records are not maintained on a calendar year basis. The commissioner of insurance shall also have the authority to examine the books, records and affairs of the trust funds.

            (ii) After twelve noon on October 1, 2010, the establishment and subsequent operation of one or more professional or public liability trust funds by a statewide hospital association in this state for the purpose of providing a means by which any type of professional malpractice or public liability claims or judgments arising from such claims against hospitals which are members of the association and claims against members of societies of the association shall be paid or settled shall be deemed to be insurance and such trust or trusts shall be subject to the provisions of this Code.

            (c)(i) The establishment prior to twelve noon on October 1, 2010, and operation thereafter of professional and public liability trust funds by a nonprofit beneficiary organization as set forth in Subpart N of Part I of Chapter 2 of this Title, R.S. 22:401 et seq., shall not be deemed to be insurance and the trusts shall not be deemed to be a licensed, admitted, or authorized insurer but shall be subject to Subpart E of Part III of Chapter 2 of this Title, Part IV of Chapter 7 of this Title, and Chapters 8 and 12 of this Title. An annual audited statement shall be filed with the commissioner of insurance by June thirtieth of each year for the immediately preceding year ending December thirty-first or within six months of the close of the fiscal year, only if records are not maintained on a calendar year basis. The commissioner of insurance shall also have the authority to examine the books, records, and affairs of the trust fund.

            (ii) After twelve noon on October 1, 2010, the establishment and subsequent operation of professional and public liability trust funds by a nonprofit beneficiary organization for the purpose of indemnifying nonprofit beneficiary organizations and their officers, directors, and agents for financial loss due to the imposition of legal liability claims or judgments arising from such claims shall be deemed to be insurance and such trust or trusts shall be subject to the provisions of this Code.

            (d)(i) The establishment prior to twelve noon on October 1, 2010, and operation thereafter of at least one or more professional, trade, and occupational or public liability trust funds by professional associations in this state for the purpose of providing a means by which professional malpractice and public liability claims or judgments arising from such claims against members of the associations shall be paid or settled shall not be deemed to be insurance, and the trust shall not be deemed to be a licensed, admitted, or authorized insurer but shall be subject to Subpart E of Part III of Chapter 2 of this Title, Part IV of Chapter 7 of this Title, and Chapters 8 and 12 of this Title. An annual audited statement shall be filed with the commissioner of insurance by June thirtieth of each year for the immediately preceding year ending December thirty-first or within six months of the close of the fiscal year, only if records are not maintained on a calendar year basis. The commissioner of insurance shall also have the authority to examine the books, records, and affairs of the trust fund.

            (ii) After twelve noon on October 1, 2010, the establishment and subsequent operation of one or more professional, trade, and occupational or public liability trust funds by professional associations in this state for the purpose of providing a means by which professional malpractice and public liability claims or judgments arising from such claims against members of the associations shall be paid or settled shall be deemed to be insurance and such trust or trusts shall be subject to the provisions of this Code.

            (10) "Insurer" includes every person engaged in the business of making contracts of insurance, other than a fraternal benefit society. A reciprocal, an inter-insurance exchange, insurance exchange syndicate, or a Lloyds organization is an "insurer". Any person who provides an employee benefit trust as specified in Subparagraph (9)(a) of this Section is an insurer. A health maintenance organization is an insurer but only for the purposes enumerated in R.S. 22:242(7). The term "insurer" shall not include any arrangement or trust formed under Subpart J of Part I of Chapter 10 of Title 23 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950, nor shall such arrangement or trust be deemed an insurer.

            (11) "Life insurer" shall mean all insurers issuing life insurance contracts, including industrial and service insurers.

            (11.1) "Ocean marine insurance" means marine insurance as defined in R.S. 22:47(13), except for inland marine, as well as any other form of insurance, regardless of the name, label, or marketing designation of the insurance policy, which insures against maritime perils or risks and other related perils or risks, which are usually insured against by traditional marine insurances such as hull and machinery, marine builders' risks, and marine protection and indemnity. Such perils and risks insured against include without limitation loss, damage, or expense or legal liability of the insured for loss, damage, or expense arising out of or incident to ownership, operation, chartering, maintenance, use, repair, or construction of any vessel, craft, or instrumentality in use in ocean or inland waterways, including liability of the insured for personal injury, illness, or death or for loss of or damage to the property of the insured or another person, except this definition shall not include insurance on vessels under five tons gross weight. Ocean marine insurance as defined in this Section is subject to R.S. 22:1269.

            (11.2) "Officer" shall mean a president, vice president, treasurer, actuary, secretary, controller, and any other person who performs for the company functions corresponding to those performed by the foregoing officers.

            (12) "Person" means any individual, company, insurer, association, organization, reciprocal or inter-insurance exchange, partnership, business, trust, limited liability company, or corporation.

            (13) "Premium" means all sums charged, received, or deposited as consideration for the purchase or continuance of insurance for a definitely stated term, and shall include any assessment, membership, policy, survey, inspection, service or similar fee or charge made by an insurer as a part of the consideration for the purchase or continuance of insurance. The term premium, as used in R.S. 22:885(B) and 887(D), shall not include any assessment, membership, policy, survey, inspection, service, or similar fee or charge made by an insurer as part of the consideration for the purchase or continuance of insurance.

            (13.1) "Producer" shall mean a person required to be licensed under the laws of this state to sell, solicit, or negotiate insurance and includes all persons or business entities otherwise referred to in this Code as "insurance agent", "agent", "insurance broker", "broker", "insurance solicitor", "solicitor", or "surplus lines broker".

            (14) "Resident" shall mean any individual, company, insurer, partnership, association, organization, corporation, reciprocal or inter-insurance exchange, business, or trust that principally resides or maintains a principal place of business in this state.

            (15) "Secretary of state" means the secretary of state of the state of Louisiana where that designation appears, to the extent that the functions to be performed by the secretary of state as designated therein involve the recordation of documents or his appointment as attorney to accept service of process in legal proceedings.

            (16) "Small company" means a domestic life insurer which does business exclusively in the state of Louisiana, with admitted assets not exceeding ten million dollars and having gross annual premiums not exceeding two million dollars.

            (17) "Surplus lines insurance" means any property and casualty or health and accident insurance in this state on property, risk, or exposure located or to be performed in this state, permitted to be placed through a licensed surplus lines broker with a surplus lines insurer.

            (17.1) "Surplus lines insurer" means an approved unauthorized insurer or eligible unauthorized insurer, as defined in this Section, or a domestic surplus lines insurer as provided in R.S. 22:436.1. "Surplus lines insurer" shall not include a health maintenance organization.

            (18) "Unauthorized insurer" means an insurer which does not possess a certificate of authority to do business in the state.

            Acts 1958, No. 125. Amended by Acts 1975, No. 324, §1; Acts 1978, No. 545, §1; Acts 1986, No. 375, §1; Acts 1986, No. 574, §1; Acts 1986, No. 902, §1; Acts 1989, No. 602, §1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1989, No. 666, §1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1993, No. 59, §1; Acts 1997, No. 1340, §1, eff. July 15, 1997; Acts 1999, No. 1304, §1, eff. July 12, 1999; Acts 1999, No. 1312, §1, eff. July 12, 1999; Acts 2002, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 87, §1; Acts 2003, No. 70, §1; Acts 2004, No. 325, §1, eff. June 18, 2004; Redesignated from R.S. 22:5 by Acts 2008, No. 415, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2009; Acts 2009, No. 503, §1; Acts 2010, No. 338, §1; Acts 2010, No. 415, §1, eff. June 21, 2010; Acts 2010, No. 794, §1; Acts 2013, No. 203, §1, eff. June 10, 2013; Acts 2015, No. 193, §1; Acts 2017, No. 183, §1; Acts 2018, No. 7, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2019.



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