§1676. Debt recovery
A.(1) It shall be the public policy of this state to aggressively pursue the collection
of accounts or claims due and payable to the state of Louisiana through all reasonable means.
The office of debt recovery, within the Department of Revenue and the attorney general's
office shall jointly serve as debt-collecting entities for any agency of the state and in that
capacity shall collect delinquent debts on behalf of all agencies which refer delinquent debts
to the office for collection. All debts owed to the state shall be referred to either the attorney
general's office or to the office of debt recovery for collection. However, all agencies which
do not have a contract with the attorney general's office for debt collection on or before
January 1, 2014, shall refer all delinquent debts to the office for collection when the debt has
been final for sixty days.
(2) Each agency shall refer non-final delinquent debts requiring legal action or legal
proceedings, other than administrative proceedings within such agency, to the attorney
general's office for collection when the debt has been delinquent for sixty days, or other time
period as provided pursuant to the referral guidelines established by the attorney general
which are incorporated into agreements between the attorney general and any such agency
or pursuant to rules promulgated by the attorney general pursuant to the Administrative
B. For purposes of this Section, the following words shall have the following
meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) "Agency" means any state office, department, board, commission, institution,
division officer or other person, or functional group, existing or created, that is authorized
to exercise, or that does exercise, any function of state government in the executive branch.
(2) "Authenticated" means that the referring agency has certified the amount of the
delinquent debt, the debtor's liability, the debtor's name, address, telephone number, social
security number, and the federal or state taxpayer identification number.
(3) "Debt" means any legally collectible liquidated sum due and owing an agency,
or due and owing a person and collectible by any agency, or a judgment, order of the court,
or bond forfeiture that is properly certified by the clerk and that orders the payment of a fine
or other court-ordered penalty. The legally collectible and liquidated sum due includes
principal and accruing interest, fees, and penalties, if appropriate. "Debt" shall not include
any legally collectible liquidated sum due and owing to an agency or an individual pursuant
to the following federal programs: Title IV-A, Title IV-B, Title IV-D, Title IV-E, or Title XX
of the federal Social Security Act, 7 U.S.C. §2011 et seq., 42 U.S.C. §9858 et seq., 42
U.S.C. §5101 et seq., 42 U.S.C. §5116 et seq., 42 U.S.C. §10401 et seq.; or, any sums due
on account of overpaid unemployment compensation benefits or unpaid contributions or
reimbursements pursuant to the Louisiana Employment Security Law under R.S. 23:1471 et
(4) "Delinquent debt" means a final debt that is sixty days or more past due.
(5) "Department" means the Department of Revenue.
(6) "Final" means the amount due is no longer negotiable and that the debtor has no
further right of administrative and judicial review.
(7) "Non-final delinquent debt" means any debt that an agency has notified a debtor
is owed but the debt remains unpaid, due, or negotiable for a period of sixty days or more and
such debt is not final and the debtor has further administrative or judicial review rights to
challenge the validity of the debt or the amount owed.
(8) "Office" means the office of debt recovery within the Department of Revenue.
(9) "Secretary" means the secretary of the Department of Revenue.
C.(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, in addition to any
duties, powers, or responsibilities otherwise conferred, the secretary of the Department of
Revenue, through the office of debt recovery, shall collect and enforce certain delinquent
debts due to agencies according to rules promulgated by the department.
(2)(a) Agencies that do not have collection contracts with the attorney general's
office for the collection of delinquent debts shall refer all delinquent debts to the office as
provided by rule. Such referrals shall include data and information in the required format
necessary to institute collection procedures. All delinquent debts shall be authenticated by
the agency or officer prior to being referred to the office. Once the debt becomes final, and
prior to referral to the office, the agency shall notify the debtor that failure to pay the debt in
full within sixty days shall subject the debt to an additional collection fee as provided for in
this Section. All agencies shall refer non-final delinquent debts to the attorney general's
office for collection when the debt has been delinquent for sixty days pursuant to the referral
guidelines established by the attorney general as incorporated into agreements between the
attorney general and other agencies or pursuant to the rules promulgated by the attorney
general pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act. Such non-final delinquent debts shall
be authenticated by the agency prior to their referral to the attorney general.
(b) After transferring the debt to the office for collection, the referring agency shall
terminate all collection activities with respect to that debt except to provide assistance to the
office as may be requested. The department shall notify the debtor by letter, within fifteen
days of receiving the referral, that such debt has been referred to the office for collection.
Upon receipt of the debt referral, the office shall assume all liability for its actions without
recourse to the agency and shall comply with all applicable state and federal laws governing
the collection of the debt. For purposes of this Section, the office shall not be considered a
collection agency as defined in R.S. 9:3534.1.
(3) At the discretion of the secretary, the department may contract with the attorney
general's office or a third-party collection contractor for the collection of delinquent debt on
behalf of the office. However, any contract entered into by the secretary for the collection
of delinquent debt on behalf of the state shall be subject to review by the Cash Management
Review Board. Additionally, the legislative auditor shall have authority to conduct audits
of such contracts in accordance with the law.
(4) If, in the course of collecting delinquent debt, the secretary determines that the
office requires the additional assistance of legal counsel, the secretary shall first seek
assistance from the office of the attorney general. If the office of the attorney general is
unable to or declines to offer legal counsel, the secretary is authorized to contract with a third
party for such services. Additionally, the legislative auditor shall have authority to conduct
audits of such contracts in accordance with the law.
D.(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the secretary of the
Department of Revenue may treat a delinquent debt referral in the same manner as an
assessment that has become final without restriction or delay. The secretary, through the
office, may use any collection remedy provided by state law to facilitate the collection of
taxes to collect the delinquent debt; however, the financial institution data match shall be
used only in accordance with the provisions of R.S. 47:1677. The office may use a
participating agency's statutory collection authority to collect the participating agency's
delinquent debts owed to or being collected by the state. The office may also use authority
granted in R.S. 47:299.3 regarding offset from income tax refunds or other accounts payable
by the state for any delinquent debt transferred by agencies. The secretary has the discretion
to determine which method or combination thereof is most suitable to collect the delinquent
(2) The department and the office may establish and use an electronic financial
institution data match system as authorized in R.S. 47:1677 for comparison of certain
account information held by financial institutions with the department and office's databases
of state tax and state nontax debtors against whom an assessment or judgment for debt owed
to the state has become final.
(3)(a) The office shall be granted and may exercise the authority granted in R.S.
47:296.2 and 296.3.
(b)(i) The office may also submit a request for the suspension, revocation or denial
of any type of professional or other license, permit, or certification to a Louisiana entity or
body that governs, regulates, or issues such licenses, permits or certifications for the exercise
or practice of certain professions, trades, or any other kind of work being performed in
(ii) In exercising the authority provided for in this Paragraph or in R.S. 47:296.2 or
296.3, the office may assume the obligation for the payment of such services in order to
collect delinquent debt.
(c) The legislature hereby recognizes the judicial power vested in the state supreme
court pursuant to Article V, Section I of the Constitution of Louisiana to regulate the practice
of law and accordingly, and requests that the supreme court consider rules and regulations
relative to attorneys licensed to practice law consistent with the provisions of this Chapter.
(4)(a)(i) The office shall be authorized to withhold, offset, levy, garnish, or seize
payments of progressive slot machine annuities and cash gaming winnings in the same
manner set forth in R.S. 27:24 and payments of lottery prizes in the same manner as set forth
in R.S. 47:9026 and may assume the obligation for payment of such services in order to
collect delinquent debt. However, the withholding, offset, levy, garnishment, or seizure of
progressive slot machine annuities, cash gaming winnings, and payments of lottery prizes
pursuant to the provisions of this Paragraph shall not be conducted until a single-point
inquiry system which allows for searches of one or more real-time databases containing debt
information pursuant to this Subsection and R.S. 46:236.15 is available to entities licensed
or permitted under Chapters 1, 4, 5, or 7 of Title 27 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of
(ii) The office is authorized to enter into a memorandum of understanding with the
Louisiana Casino Association on behalf of its member casinos to facilitate the development
and implementation of a single-point inquiry system.
(iii) The provisions of this Paragraph shall not be construed to prohibit the
withholding, offset, levy, garnishment, or seizure of progressive slot machine annuities, cash
gaming winnings, and payments of lottery prizes currently conducted pursuant to the
provisions of R.S. 46:236.15 from continuing until the single-point inquiry system is created.
(b) Any entity licensed or permitted under Chapters 1, 4, 5, or 7 of Title 27 of the
Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950 may deduct an administrative fee from each payment of
a progressive slot machine annuity or cash gaming winnings in accordance with R.S.
27:24(A)(5)(d) pursuant to a request by the office of debt recovery to such annuities or
winnings in the collection of a delinquent debt; however, the licensed or permitted entity
shall not withhold more than one administrative fee on such annuities or winnings.
(c) The Louisiana Gaming Control Board or any entity licensed or permitted under
Chapters 1, 4, 5, or 7 of Title 27 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950 shall be immune
from civil or criminal liability for the disclosure of certain information or from any claims
for damages arising from withholding or failing to withhold any progressive slot machine
annuities or cash winnings in accordance with R.S. 27:24(A)(5)(b) when the disclosure of
such information or the withholding of such annuities or winnings is done pursuant to a
request by the office of debt recovery.
(d) The authorization provided for in this Paragraph shall not prime the claim of the
Department of Children and Family Services under the provisions of R.S. 46:236.15(D) or
R.S. 47:9026 to any payments of progressive slot machine annuities or cash gaming
E. The office shall charge the debtor a fee not to exceed twenty-five percent of the
total liability of debt which has become final after the initial effective date of this Section.
The amount of the fee shall be established by rule promulgated by the department and shall
be uniformly applied to all debts. Fees collected under this Subsection shall be retained by
the office after the debt is collected and shall be divided in accordance with an agreement
between the office and the office of the attorney general after payment of costs set forth in
the agreement. Monies collected by the office pursuant to the provisions of this Section shall
be transferred to the referring agency within thirty days after the end of the month in which
the monies were collected and shall be used, subject to an annual appropriation, by the
referring agency as they would have been had they been timely collected. However, any
monies collected for delinquent debt as a result of nonpayment of tax liabilities pursuant to
Title 47 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950, as amended, after deposit into the state
general fund, the first five million dollars shall be appropriated by the legislature beginning
in Fiscal Year 2013-2014, and for four consecutive fiscal years thereafter, to the office of
state police for a training academy class.
(2), (3) Repealed by Acts 2016, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 11, §3, eff. March 9, 2016.
F.(1) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, agencies shall be authorized to
transmit data to the office of debt recovery deemed necessary by the secretary to aid in the
collection efforts of the office. The secretary shall establish a centralized electronic debt
registry to compile the information provided by agencies and shall maintain all information
provided from all sources within the state concerning addresses, financial records, and any
other information useful in assisting the office in collection services of the centralized
registry. The data compiled in the registry from the department, referring agencies, and the
office shall be available for cross-referencing and for the identification of debtors necessary
for the collection of delinquent debt.
(2) All data, records, and files utilized for debt collection as provided herein shall
be deemed confidential and privileged, and no person shall divulge or disclose any
information obtained from such records and files except in the administration and
enforcement of these provisions. Compilation of tax data in the electronic registry by the
department shall not be a violation of R.S. 47:1508, and any information or data gathered by
the department and the office in accordance with the law may be used for purposes of
collecting tax and nontax debt. Except as provided for in R.S. 47:1508 et seq., or in any
other applicable provision of law, information concerning the identity of a debtor, the amount
of the debt owed, and the amount of any collections or settlements shall be a public record
subject to disclosure under the Public Records Law, R.S. 44:1 et seq.
(3) The attorney general shall have access to all data and information compiled
which is needed for further debt collection and accounting pursuant to this Section.
G. Agencies may exercise the following procedures, in combination with its own
statutes or as a standalone procedure, to make any debt owed to the agency a final delinquent
debt that is collectible by the office.
(1) Once an agency determines a debt is owed, it shall send the debtor an initial
notice of the debt which requests payment, outlines any additional information necessary to
identify the nature of the debt and the amount due, and notifies the debtor that failure to pay
the debt in full within sixty days shall subject the debt to be transferred to the office for
collection of the maximum amount owed with an additional collection fee added to the debt.
(2) If, after thirty days from the date of the initial notification, the debtor has failed
to pay the debt owed, the agency shall send a second notice to the debtor with the same
information required in Paragraph (1) of this Subsection.
(3) If the debt remains unpaid sixty days after the date of the initial notice, the debt
shall be considered a final delinquent debt and shall be owed to the state and collectible by
(4) If an agency utilizes the procedures above and transfers the final delinquent debt
to the office for collection, in lieu of any other notice, the office shall send the debtor a notice
informing the debtor of the debt's transfer to its office for collection and of the additional
collection fee that shall be added to the debt.
H. The secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations in accordance with the
Administrative Procedure Act to implement the provisions of this Section, including rules
authorizing any reasonable procedure or requirement for agencies referring delinquent debt
to the department for collection, requirements regarding information necessary to collect the
debt and the formatting of that information, and the priority or ranking of debt payments
against multiple agency debts. Any rule promulgated by the department shall be construed
in favor of the secretary.
I. The secretary may enter into one or more reciprocal collection and offset of
indebtedness agreements with the federal government, pursuant to which the state shall agree
to offset from state tax refunds and payments otherwise due to vendors and contractors
providing goods or services to agencies, non-tax debt owed to the federal government, and
the federal government shall agree to offset from federal payments to vendors, contractors,
and taxpayers debt owed to the state. The secretary shall include all eligible collection
accounts placed with the attorney general's office for all available offsets.
J. After the office exercises and employs its collection methods and tools, it shall
evaluate and recommend any uncollectible debt for sale or securitization in accordance with
the provisions of R.S. 39:88.2 and 88.3.
K. The operations of the office shall be subject to annual review by the Cash
Management Review Board.
L.(1) The terms "delinquent debt" and "final debt" as defined in this Section shall
not apply to "debt" defined by R.S. 32:8(A). For purposes of this Section, the terms
"delinquent debt" and "final debt" as defined in R.S. 32:8 shall apply to "debt" defined by
(2) Debt, whether defined by R.S. 32:8(A) or this Section, owed to the Department
of Public Safety and Corrections, office of motor vehicles, which becomes delinquent debt,
final debt, or final delinquent debt after June 8, 2016, and for which a debtor enters into an
installment agreement with the office of motor vehicles to pay shall not be referred to the
office of debt recovery or the office of the attorney general during the term of any such
Acts 2013, No. 399, §3, eff. June 17, 2013; Acts 2014, No. 646, §4, eff. July 1, 2014;
Acts 2014, No. 816, §1; Acts 2015, No. 121, §4, eff. July 1, 2015; Acts 2015, No. 414, §3;
Acts 2016, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 11, §§2, 3, eff. March 9, 2016; Acts 2016, No. 397, §2, eff. June