CCRP 795     

SECTION 2.  CHALLENGES

Art. 795.  Time for challenges; method; peremptory challenges based on race or gender; restrictions

A.  A juror shall not be challenged for cause after having been temporarily accepted pursuant to Paragraph A of Article 788 unless the challenging party shows that the cause was not known to him prior to that time.

B.(1)  Peremptory challenges shall be exercised prior to the swearing of the jury panel.

(2)  Peremptory challenges of jurors shall be made and communicated to the court in a side bar conference of the judge, the attorneys conducting the examination and selection of jurors, and the defendant in a case in which the defendant chooses to represent himself.  The conference shall be conducted in a manner that only the court, the attorneys, and the defendant in a case in which the defendant chooses to represent himself, are aware of the challenges made until the court announces the challenges without reference to any party or attorney in the case.

C.  No peremptory challenge made by the state or the defendant shall be based solely upon the race or gender of the juror.  If an objection is made that the state or defense has excluded a juror solely on the basis of race or gender, and a prima facie case supporting that objection is made by the objecting party, the court may demand a satisfactory race or gender neutral reason for the exercise of the challenge, unless the court is satisfied that such reason is apparent from the voir dire examination of the juror.  Such demand and disclosure, if required by the court, shall be made outside of the hearing of any juror or prospective juror.

D.  The court shall allow to stand each peremptory challenge exercised for a race or gender neutral reason either apparent from the examination or disclosed by counsel when required by the court.  The provisions of Paragraph C and this Paragraph shall not apply when both the state and the defense have exercised a challenge against the same juror.

E.  The court shall allow to stand each peremptory challenge for which a satisfactory racially neutral or gender neutral reason is given.  Those jurors who have been peremptorily challenged and for whom no satisfactory racially neutral or gender neutral reason is apparent or given may be ordered returned to the panel, or the court may take such other corrective action as it deems appropriate under the circumstances.  The court shall make specific findings regarding each such challenge.

Amended by Acts 1986, No. 323, §1; Acts 1990, No. 547, §1; Acts 1990, No. 713, §1; Acts 1993, No. 1019, §1; Acts 2008, No. 669, §1.