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      CONST 3 12     


§12.  Prohibited Local and Special Laws

Section 12.(A)  Prohibitions.  Except as otherwise provided in this constitution, the legislature shall not pass a local or special law:

(1)  For the holding and conducting of elections, or fixing or changing the place of voting.  

(2)  Changing the names of persons; authorizing the adoption or legitimation of children or the emancipation of minors; affecting the estates of minors or persons under disabilities; granting divorces; changing the law of descent or succession; giving effect to informal or invalid wills or deeds or to any illegal disposition of property.  

(3)  Concerning any civil or criminal actions, including changing the venue in civil or criminal cases, or regulating the practice or jurisdiction of any court, or changing the rules of evidence in any judicial proceeding or inquiry before courts, or providing or changing methods for the collection of debts or the enforcement of judgments, or prescribing the effects of judicial sales.  

(4)  Authorizing the laying out, opening, closing, altering, or maintaining of roads, highways, streets, or alleys; relating to ferries and bridges, or incorporating bridge or ferry companies, except for the erection of bridges crossing streams which form boundaries between this and any other state; authorizing the constructing of street passenger railroads in any incorporated town or city.  

(5)  Exempting property from taxation; extending the time for the assessment or collection of taxes; relieving an assessor or collector of taxes from the performance of his official duties or of his sureties from liability; remitting fines, penalties, and forfeitures; refunding moneys legally paid into the treasury.  

(6)  Regulating labor, trade, manufacturing, or agriculture; fixing the rate of interest.  

(7)  Creating private corporations, or amending, renewing, extending, or explaining the charters thereof; granting to any private corporation, association, or individual any special or exclusive right, privilege, or immunity.  

(8)  Regulating the management of parish or city public schools, the building or repairing of parish or city schoolhouses, and the raising of money for such purposes.  

(9)  Legalizing the unauthorized or invalid acts of any officer, employee, or agent of the state, its agencies, or political subdivisions.  

(10)  Defining any crime.  

(B)  Additional Prohibition.  The legislature shall not indirectly enact special or local laws by the partial repeal or suspension of a general law.  

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